New Delhi: With total enrolled students of 34.6 million in the higher education system, India is one of the largest countries having student population in the world. As on 31 March 2016, India has a total 799 universities, compared to 760 universities in 2015. Out of these 799 universities, only 14 universities are exclusively dedicated for women education, popularly known as women universities.
As per All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2015-2016, which was released recently by Ministry of HRD, there are 459 General, 101 Technical, 64 Agriculture & Allied, 50 Medical, 20 Law, 11 Sanskrit and 7 Language Universities in India. Out of these 799 universities, 277 are privately managed (private universities) while 307 are based in rural area.
The total number of central university now stands at 43 while the total number of government deemed university is 32. There are 75 higher education institutes falling under Institution of National Importance category. State public university now stands at 329 and State private university at 197. Out of the total private universities of 277, 79 are deemed university and one is state private open university.
Out of the 39 universities opened in 2016, 16 are private universities as total number of private universities stood at 261 in 2015.
As per the annual report, 14 Universities are exclusively for women, 4 in Rajasthan, 2 in Tamil Nadu & 1 each in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Delhi, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttarkhand and West Bengal.
In addition to one Central Open University, there are 13 State Open Universities and 1 State Private Open University, there are 118 Dual mode Universities, which offer education through distance mode also and the maximum (19) of them are located in Tamil Nadu.
AISHE report mentioned that gross enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education in India is 24.5%, which is calculated for 18-23 years of age group. GER for male population stands at 25.4% meanwhile for females, it is 23.5%.
As on 31 March 2016, there are 799 universities, 39,071 colleges and 11,923 Stand Alone Institutions in India.
Type of Universities List in India (Out of Total 799)
Central Open University – 1
Central University – 43
Government Deemed University – 32
Institution Established Under State Legislature Act – 5
Institution of National Importance – 75
Private Deemed University – 79
Private University – 181
State Open University – 13
State University – 316
State Private Open University – 1
Government Aided Deemed University – 11
Others – 3